Timeline of European Integration


1951 April:  Six west European countries, France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg sign the Treaty of Paris establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).

1957 March 25:  These six countries sign the Treaties of Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom).

1973 January:  Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Community (EC).

1979 June:  First direct elections to the European Parliament 1981 January:  Greece joins the EC.

1985 June:  The Schengen Agreement abolishes border controls among the EC members.

1986 January:  Spain and Portugal join the EC.

1990 October:  Unification of Germany.

1992 February 7:  The Treaty of Maastricht was signed establishing the European Union (EU).

1993 January The single market was created.

1995 January:  Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU.

2002 January:  Euro, the new currency, was introduced in the 12 EU members.

2004 May:  Ten new members, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia join the EU.

2007 January:  Bulgaria and Romania join the EU. Slovenia adopts the Euro.


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